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London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine | Share research

London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

The London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) was founded in 1899 by Sir Patrick Manson. Its multidisciplinary expertise includes clinicians, epidemiologists, statisticians, social scientists, molecular biologists and immunologists, who with partners worldwide to support the development of teaching and research capacity based upon an ethos of respect and rigorous scientific enquiry. It seeks to promote equality as an essential element in contribution to improving health worldwide.

LSHTM is among the premier centres worldwide for policy-relevant interdisciplinary research on water, sanitation and hygiene. Its work on sanitation led the World Bank and other agencies to adopt the marketing approach, and it is in the forefront of operational research on household water management. Its work on hygiene promotion has opened new avenues to health-related behaviour change and led to the formation of the Global Public-Private Partnership on Handwashing with Soap

SHARE was led by LSHTM and worked in partnership with CIDRZ, GLUK, ICDDR,B, IIED/SDI, MEIRU, MITU and WaterAid to reduce poverty by driving progress on sanitation and improving sector performance. 

Since SHARE’s inception, LSHTM was involved in a range of projects exploring issues such as: handwashing with soap behaviour change, communal sanitation and complementary food hygiene.

Their projects

Ascaris Eggs on Hands

SuSanA Secretariat (CCBY 2.0,, via Wikimedia Commons)

The role that hands play in the transmission of STH (especially Ascaris and Trichuris infections), is under-researched and thereforeRead more

Choose Soap

Choose Soap is a SHARE-commissioned, open access, global toolkit that uses emotional drivers for behaviour change. The toolkit offersRead more

Disease Burden Inequities & Pro-Poor Targeting

University of Florida/Rick Rheingans

This study, carried out by LSHTM in partnership with the University of Florida , sought to estimate inequities in sanitation-relatedRead more

Menstrual Hygiene Systematic Review

WaterAid/Poulomi Basu

This project drew on published peer-reviewed scientific literature to systematically identify the health and psycho-social effects ofRead more

Psychosocial Impact of Limited Access

Mothers and children with a Community Health Worker

The first in a series of four SHARE-WSSCC co-funded studies , this project comprised of three sub-components assessing: The social andRead more

Safe Child Stool Disposal

WaterAid/Layton Thompson

To date, the WASH sector has greatly overlooked the enormous potential of hygienic child stool disposal to considerably reduce theRead more

Safe Start

Building on findings from an Urban WASH Disparities study conducted in Kenya during Phase I, this study will design, implement andRead more

Sanitation & Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes

© IDEAS/Paolo Patruno Photography

The last in a series of five SHARE-funded studies , this Asian Institute of Public Health -led population-based cohort study in OdishaRead more

Sanitation in Dar es Salaam

This research, led by the University of California Davis in collaboration with the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine ,Read more

Sanitation Vulnerability

The last in a series of four SHARE-WSSCC co-funded studies , this project aimed to ascertain whether gendered violence is symptomaticRead more


Jointly funded by SHARE and the Wellcome Trust , SuperAmma (SuperMum) is a unique handwashing intervention that set out to testRead more

Vaccination & Hygiene Promotion

WaterAid/Yael Velleman

Diarrhoea is a leading cause of death in children under 5 years of age, due mostly to failures to increase access to safe water andRead more

Violence, Gender & WASH Toolkit

WaterAid/Jon Spaull

Although the lack of access to appropriate WASH services is not the root cause of violence, it can lead to increased vulnerabilitiesRead more


The third in a series of four SHARE-WSSCC co-funded studies , this operational research sought to develop and pilot a suite of toolsRead more

WASH & Maternal and Newborn Health

© UNICEF/Benedicte Kurzen via Flickr (CC

The first in a series of five SHARE-funded studies , this LSHTM-led study explored the linkages between WASH and MNH health via aRead more

WASH & Maternal Mortality Systematic Review

UN Photo/Hien Macline via Flickr (CC

The second in a series of five SHARE-funded studies , this LSHTM-led systematic review focused on one of the mechanisms identified inRead more

WASH & Nutrition Systematic Review

WaterAid/Kate Holt

WASH interventions are frequently implemented to reduce the incidence of infectious disease, but the extent to which WASHRead more

WASH in Emergencies Systematic Review

LSHTM/Environmental Health Group

Cholera remains a significant threat to global public health with an estimated 100,000 deaths per year. Water, sanitation and hygieneRead more

WASH in Maternity Units

Credit: WaterAid Tanzania

The fourth in a series of five SHARE-funded studies , this collaborative bi-country operational research first sought to develop aRead more

WASH in Tanzanian Birth Settings

WaterAid/Tara Todras-Whitehill

The third in a series of five SHARE-funded studies , this LSHTM-led case study used existing data sources – the Tanzania 2010Read more

Weaning Food Hygiene - Mali

Wateraid/Eliza Deacon

This study, conducted in peri-urban Bamako, Mali, built upon an experiment in which the HACCP approach was applied to preparation ofRead more

Weaning Food Hygiene - Nepal

Use of bib containg message 'Did you wash your hand before feeding me in the trial?' Credit: Dr Om Prasad Gautam

Building on findings from Mali , Bangladesh and other handwashing interventions , SHARE funded a PhD student, Om Prasad Gautam , toRead more

Weaning Food Hygiene - The Gambia

© Jama Sowe & Abdou Jarjue

Building on lessons learned from earlier SHARE-funded work on food hygiene and behaviour change, including the successful SuperAmmaRead more


SHARE contributes to achieving universal access to effective, sustainable and equitable sanitation and hygiene by generating evidence to improve policy and practice worldwide.